Perumkaliyattum Theyyam Festival

#1 Jan 10th, 2009, 16:31
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#1
Hey,

Between 3 to 6 feb next there will be the great Theyyam festival near Kannur, north Kerala. I found the official website of the festival: http://www.theyyam-korommuchilodu.com but every time I try to log in I'm asked for a username and password which of course I don't have since I was not able to enter the website at all so far.
Since this is an official website I found this very strange that it is protected.
Anybody who could help me through this? thanks!

Jean-Pierre Verbeke
#2 Jan 17th, 2009, 14:47
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hey i ahve entered the site without having user id and passowrd. well i think you are login from different country and might be these people not have given access to the country you are in. well i am coping and pasting the programme page here for ur information.
FEBRUARY-3rd KALIYATTAM DAY 1

6.00 AM : Kalashamkuli
8.00 AM : Lamp and wick bring in
1.00 PM : Commencement of Kaliyattam
2.30 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – ‘Thottam’ at noon
5.00 PM : Puliyoor Kannan Vellattam
5.30 PM : Commencement of grand Feast
9.00 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – ‘Thottam’ at night
11.00 PM : Madayil Chamundi Thottam
Vishnumoorthi Thottam

FEBRUARY-4th KALIYATTAM DAY 2

3.00 AM : Puliyoor Kannan – Set out
5.30 AM : Kannamgattu Bhagavathy-
Puliyoor Kali
9.00 AM : Commencement of grand Feast
9.30 AM : Madayil Chamundi – set out
9.40 AM : Vishnumoorthi- set out
2.30 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – ‘Thottam’ at noon
5.00 PM : Puliyoor Kannan Vellattam
5.30 PM : Commencement of grand Feast
9.00 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – ‘Thottam’ at night
11.00 PM : Madayil Chamundi Thottam
Vishnumoorthi Thottam

FEBRUARY-5th KALIYATTAM DAY 3

3.00 AM : Puliyoor Kannan – Set out
4.00 AM : Panayal Bhagavathy – set out
5.30 AM : Kannamgattu Bhagavathy - set out
8.30 AM : Puliyoor Kali – set out
9.00 AM : Commencement of grand Feast
9.30 AM : Madayil Chamundi – set out
Vishnumoorthi- set out
12.00 NOON : Sweeping and scrubbing the floor –thottam
2.30 PM : Koothu
3.30 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – ‘Thottam’ with mangala kunjungal
5.00 PM : Thalswaroopan-vellattam
6.00 PM : Puliyoor Kannan Vellattam
6.30 PM : Commencement of grand Feast
9.00 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – ‘Thottam’ at night
11.00 PM : Moovar thottam
11.30 PM : Narambil bhagavathy-thottam
‘Adukkalayil Pidikkal’
12.00 PM : Madayil Chamundi Thottam
Vishnumoorthi Thottam

FEBRUARY-6th KALIYATTAM DAY 4

3.00 AM : Puliyoor Kannan – Set out
4.00 AM : Thalswaroopan Daivam, Kaikkolon
4.30 AM : Ganapathy thottam
5.00 AM : Kodiyila thottam
5.30 AM : Setting fire to jack wood heap (Meleri koottal)
6.00 AM : Narambil Bhagavthy – set out
7.30 AM : Kannamgattu Bhagavathy - set out
9.30 AM : Puliyoor Kali – set out
10.30 AM : Madayil Chamundi – set out
Vishnumoorthi- set out
12.00 NOON : Meleri kayyelkal
12.30 PM : Muchilottu Bhagavathy – rise of the holy crown
1.30 PM : Distribution of the grand feast
11.00 PM : Aaradikkal
12.00 PM : Royal crown – take off
Then Vettilacharam



Quote:
Originally Posted by jpvb View Post Hey,

Between 3 to 6 feb next there will be the great Theyyam festival near Kannur, north Kerala. I found the official website of the festival: http://www.theyyam-korommuchilodu.com but every time I try to log in I'm asked for a username and password which of course I don't have since I was not able to enter the website at all so far.
Since this is an official website I found this very strange that it is protected.
Anybody who could help me through this? thanks!

Jean-Pierre Verbeke
#3 Jan 17th, 2009, 16:13
Join Date:
Apr 2008
Location:
Belgium
Posts:
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  • jpvb is offline
#3
Hi, philospher,

Thanks for your help! Much appreciated. I'm in India for the moment and try to login from my laptop through a BSNL cellphone with GPRS. Still very strnage I'm not able to go to the website without the pasword....
Anyway it is handy to have the program of the festival but is there also some explanation where the village is located where it is all happening. I've been there last in Kannur and tellicherry somewhere nearby in 2005 so I have some idea about the region.

Thanks for your help!

Jean-Pierre
#4 Jan 17th, 2009, 16:45
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you are most wlcome.

well i am pasting it. it may help u.


Theyyams are evolved in the Northern Malabar as an integral part of Folklore culture as a form of worship for many communities in the region. Even though this form has emerged based on many of the Hindu mythology, the social significance it has as a social binder is important. Theyyams are always seen as a meeting place for villagers beyond the barriers of religion, caste and the social status. Theyyam performances are totally different from other festivals. The divinity these performances provide to the devotees attracts a huge crowd at all occasions.

The magnificent outlook with the combination of facial drawings and the colorful wardrobe creates a fantasy to the devotees. There are around 300 different theyyams performed in this region. It is believed that many of the incarnations of many of the theyyams are to protect the helpless from injustice. There are many adventurous stories popular in the minds of people about the origin of many theyyams. Theyyams are performed annually at all the important Kavus. The period from December to June is considered as the season for theyyams in Northern Malabar. According to experts there are no visible connections with temples for the origin of theyyams in mythology. This is seen a reason for limited popularity of this form of performance outside Northern Malabar.

The categorization of theyyams is made based on their origin and its association with a particular community. The best example for such a categorization is that of Sree Muchilottu Bhaghavathy Theyyam. The variety in the associated stories, the differences in facial drawing and their color combination, the difference in wardrobe and the decorations used over the body are some of the main features of theyyams which makes it different from other performances. Theyyams also can be regarded as an amalgamation where different art forms like music, dance, painting and some aspects of magic.

Mukhathezhuthu (facial drawing)

The magnificient performance of the Theyyam is always a visual treat for the devotees. The world of color it opens to the audience is amazing and on close looks, the way the performer’s face is decorated with the colors will make even a regular to these performances crazy. Mukhathezhuthu – painting on the face is truly an art which requires dedicated training and skill. No two theyyams will have similar mukhathezhuthu in common. This makes it more complicated. In olden days, colors developed by mixing of different naturally available leafs, flowers and materials were used for the painting. These paintings plays a huge role in expressing the feel of the theyyam.

Thottam Pattu

All forms of Theyyam are associated with a myth with that. These are depicted to the audience/ devotees either through the performance or through the thottam pattu. Thottam pattu translated as Thottam song is sung by the performer as part of the ritual in which the origin, the importance, the association with that particular community of the theyyam etc are explained. In these Thottam Pattu the social system of early days can be traced out. The sufferings of weaker sections of the society from those having power are brought out through the journey of that particular theyyam. Many theyyams are taken the incarnation to protect such weaker sections. Most of the Theyyams are associated with short Thottam Pattu; but some of the famous thottams are that of Muchilotu Bhaghavathi and Kadamkottu Makkam. Muchilottu Bhagavathi thottam is considerably long and it is associated with number of other rituals also.

Kannankattu Bhagavathy

Kannankattu Bhagavathy set out form Payyavoor with the permission of Father Vayathoor and Kallyar (Siva) and settled at Nellikathuruthy, Kotty and Poonthuruthy by protecting friends and destroying foes.

Kannankattu Bhagavathy, who remained alone, thought of friendship with ‘Muchilottu Bhagavathy’. For fulfilling this desire Bhagavaty caused smallpox in Thirunalloor Namboodiri, who was in charge of carrying out poojas in the Payyanur Subrahmanya temple. This brought Muchilottu Bhagavathy there and the Bhagavathies began to dwell in friendly terms. The devotees who felt surprise in the divine power of the muchilottu Bhagavathy wanted to retain her in their land. Subrahmanya Swamy found a way out for this. The ‘Komaram’, who reached Payyanur from Korom with Kurunthil Poduval, could not go back due to heavy rain. Keeping the divine sword of the Bhagavathy, they decided to spent the night there. Kannankattu Bhagavathy changed her divine sword to the inner shrine. Seeing this affection, Muchilottu Bhagavathy promised to give Kannankattu Bhagavathy a noble position at all her abodes.

The next day, Muchilottu Bhagavathy’s Komaram reached Korom along with the divine presence of Kannankattu Bhagavathy. Muchilottu Bhagavathi provided Kannankattu Bhagavathy a space to dwell at her right side. The importance of Korom Muchilottu is highlighted as the first place where Kannankattu Bhagavathy was provided with an abode.

Puliyoor Kannan and Puliyoor Kali

The myth behind these two theyyans goes like this. Shiva and Parvathy took the shapes of Pulikkandan and Pullikkarinkali and began to live merrily in the thulu forest. After 10 months Pullikkarinkali gave birth to Kandapuli, Marapuli, Pulimaruthan, Kalapuli, Puliyoorukannan and the youngest female Puliyoorukali. At night these ‘Puli Gods’ invaded the byre of the Kurambrathiri load and killed cows. Kurambrathiri got angry and Karinthiri Kannan Nair came to help him. He got ready to kill the tiger God’s in a hide out. But Pulikanddan jumped over to the hide out and got him killed with the help of Kalapuli Karinthiri Kannan Nair, who was killed by the tiger God’s Tiger God’s also became a godly figure.

Once, Kariyath elder thandan from Ramaram came to the thulu forest to watch the holy festival. On his way back home, the tiger God’s accompanied him to Ramaram. From the shrine of Ramaram came over to Kandoth. Maledath Tharavadu. The tiger God’s also began to reside at the shrines of Panayamthatta Nair who was the ‘Koyma’ of the Kandoth temple. The mischiets of the tiger God’s grew quite unbearable Panayamthatta, who was also the Koyma of the Korom Muchilodu.

Once when the holy procession (Elathu) from Korom Muchilodu came to Panayamthatta the ground mother of the house reveled the troubles caused by the tiger God’s before Sree Muchilottu Bhagavathy. The Lamp, which signaled the persons of the tiger God’s in the Panayamthatta and was taken out by the Bhagavathy’s representative and fixed it at the right entry of the shrine in the Muchilodu. Puliyoor Kannan and Puliyoor Kali, whose divine presence was there in the lamp, began to dwell at Korom Sree Muchilottu Kavu and later this presence was pervaded over to all other Muchilott Kavus.

Narambil Bhagavathy

Narambil Bhagavathy is war goddess residing at the northern side in Rayaramangalam. This goddess who came on to earth to ease the humen woes and takes Rayaramangalathu Bhagavathy as Nayanar. Rayaramangalathu Bhagavathy handed over all her assets to Narambil Bhagavathy. There after she prayed before Madiyam Kshethrapalakan, who was the Lord of thousand and two hundred nairs and pleaded to provide her with a Nair as her Lord. Narambil Bhagavathy who got permission from the Kshethrapalakan found Kudakkal Nair on the steps of the pond on her return. She carried him straight to Valapadthu Fort and named him ‘Narambil Nair’. Bhagavathy came to reside at Narambil thattu and came to be known as Nair Paradevatha Narambil Bhagavathy’.

Panayar Bhagavathy

Panayar Bhaghavati is one of many rare Theyyams which are performed at few Kavus. The mythology of Panayar Bahghavati is connected with Thail Nampidi who came from Udupi and settled in Korom ages back. He is believed to be the person behind the over all development of this place both economically and socially. His visionary activities laid the foundation stone for the present progress achieved by the village in almost every field. Panayar Bhaghavati accompanied him and thereafter on arriving Korom, Nampidi placed her in Muchilodu Kavu along with Sree Muchilottu Bhaghavati. On routine ceremonial, no special ritual activities performed for this Goddess.

Vishnu Moorthi

Vishnu Moorthi is a popular theyyam finding places in both Kavu and in Tharavadu (family) irrespective of caste and community. The myth of this theyyam, like other theyyams, also involves the protection of his devotee from the bad force. It is said to be taken the divine form to protect the Prahlada from the Hiranya. Vishnu Moorthy came from Mangalore to Nileshwar along with his right hand man Palanthayi Kannan and obtained blessings from the Idol of Thaliyil temple. Mean while Kuruvatta Kurup killed Palanthayi Kannan which forced the Vishnu Moorthi to take revenge at Kurup. It resulted in all sorts of difficulties to that family including diseases and devastation. Kurup finally provided place for Vishnu Moorthi in his family.

Vishnu Moorthi is an important Theyyam in Muchilottu Kavu. This mighty god has a separate Palliyara (holy space) called ‘Mundya’ at many Muchilottu Kavu. Traditionally the Malaya community is performed the Vishnu Moorthi theyyam.

Madayil Chamundi

Madayil chamudi, like other Chamundi theyyams is a powerful Kali goddess. Chamundi got this name as she followed the Asuras to hell to eliminate them. This myth closely finds similarity with the Chamudi Cahritham in Devi Bhaghavatam. In that the Chamundi takes birth from Parvathi to help Goddess Chandika in her fight against the Asuras. Madayil chamundi is generally treated as the goddess of the Poduval community.

Madayil Chamundi is considered as close ally of Vishnu Moorthi and they always find place together in Kavu. The Madayil Chamundi is always performed with Vishnu Moorthi.

Thalacharan Dhaivam And Kaikkalon Dhaivam

Thalacharan dhaivam is believed to be the divine representation of the ’Aadi Muchilodan Padanayar’ who associated with the myth of Muchilotu Bhaghavathi’s journey to first abode at Karivellur. Thalacharan dhaivam is also known as the Thondachan Theyyam of Vaniya community. As a custom this theyyam is performed well before the beginning of the Muchilottu Bhaghavathi theyyam. This theyyam is performed in the very early hours of the day.

Kaikkolan Dhaivam represents the Thiya individual who rejected the plea of the Muchilottu Bhaghavathi for oil for blazing herself. During the final day of the ‘Perumkaliyattam’, after removing the head decorations of the Puliyoor Kannan theyyam, the same performer wears a black beard instead of the earlier white one and wears a new head decoration and arrives in front of the main shrine holding the hands of Kaikkolan Dhaivam.

Koothu

Koothu is a ritualistic performance conducted along with Perumkaliyattam. This ia also known as ‘Vannan koothu’. This is an old ritual in the form of a folk drama which enhances entertainment and knowledge.

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