Happy New Year (Bengali Calendar) - 1415

#1 Apr 14th, 2008, 10:46
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#1
Happy New Year (Bengali Calendar) - 1415


Today it is “Poila Boishakh” (the fist day of Bengali New Year)

Best wishes to you and your family.

Somnath
Learn as if you were going to live forever. Live as if you were going to die tomorrow.

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#2 Apr 14th, 2008, 10:54
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#2
Happy new year then folks <-- Bottle of Bangla here.
#3 Apr 14th, 2008, 10:59
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#3
Happy new year Somnath and all!!
#4 Apr 14th, 2008, 11:12
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#4

Talking

Quote:
Originally Posted by machadinha View Post Happy new year then folks <-- Bottle of Bangla here.
Bottle of Bangla
#5 Apr 14th, 2008, 11:21
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#5
Cheers, and y'r most welcome. I was checking on this (one is a freak or one isn't, after all), and can't find anything on it. It's how the locals would call their arak though. Is that what it's called, or were they just saying it was "local"?

We'd boom-shankar on it and have a great time either way, so never mind. I think I even picked up some Bangla (the language) as we went along, that was somehow and mysteriously soon forgotten though
#6 Apr 14th, 2008, 11:29
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#6
Natun digante aaj nabo surer alo
Natun kore chaiche sober bhalo
Purono gulo rakha thak sajia
Naboborsho suru hok diganto rangyia
#7 Apr 15th, 2008, 14:44
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#7
happy bengali new year for yesterday



(I had a lovely biryani to celebrate with a beer)
Live fast, Die Young, Leave a good looking corpse
#8 Apr 15th, 2008, 15:14
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#8
didnt see this thread
wished you - somnath etc on the 'doi maach' thread
heck - it was an appropriate thread, what!

anywyas - shubho nobo borsho - mahmud - you included



:brishti

1415 - we're really behind times
#9 Apr 15th, 2008, 17:27
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#9

Thumbs up

Quote:
Originally Posted by stake501 View Post ....

(I had a lovely biryani to celebrate with a beer)
beer you had beer yesterday !!!!!

Come on you cannot change the rule...... you didn't find "Bangla"
Happy new year

Quote:
Originally Posted by brishti View Post didnt see this thread
wished you - somnath etc on the 'doi maach' thread
heck - it was an appropriate thread, what!

anywyas - shubho nobo borsho - mahmud - you included

:brishti
doi maach !!!! Ohhhh.... no. yeah I can see Jyoti da is in good form .

Shubho Nabo borsho, Brishti. And Good point.... whre are you Mahmud?
#10 Apr 16th, 2008, 04:47
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#10
btw And just out of interest, so what happened 1415 years ago? I'm sure it can be looked up, but maybe one of our esteemed Bengali members wants to explain
#11 Apr 16th, 2008, 05:18
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#11

What happened 1415 years ago

From Wiki:

Under the Mughals, agricultural taxes were collected according to the Hijri calendar. However, as the Hijri calendar is a purely lunar calendar, it does not coincide with the harvest. As a result, farmers were hard-pressed to pay taxes out of season. In order to streamline tax collection, the Mughal Emperor Akbar ordered a reform of the calendar. Accordingly, Fatehullah Shirazi, a renowned scholar and astronomer, formulated the Bengali year on the basis of the Hijri lunar and solar Hindu solar calendars. The new Fasli San (agricultural year) was introduced on 10/11 March 1584, but was dated from Akbar's ascension to the throne in 1556. The new year subsequently became known as Bônggabdo or Bengali year.

Celebrations of Pohela Boishakh started from Akbar's reign. It was customary to clear up all dues on the last day of Choitro. On the next day, or the first day of the new year, landlords would entertain their tenants with sweets. On this occasion there used to be fairs and other festivities. In due course the occasion became part of domestic and social life, and turned into a day of merriment. The main event of the day was to open a halkhata or new book of accounts. This was wholly a financial affair. In villages, towns and cities, traders and businessmen closed their old account books and opened new ones. They used to invite their customers to share sweets and renew their business relationship with them. This tradition is still practised, especially by jewellers.
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#12 Apr 16th, 2008, 05:58
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#12
Yes, thanks; however 1556 + 1415 = 2971

I guess this may come closer, but it still looks a little murky and with Wikipedia... keep your jar of salt at the ready:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengali_calendar#History

Quote:
In a different interpretation, King Shashanka of Ancient Bengal, who ruled approximately between 600 AD and 625 AD, is credited with starting the Bengali era[citation needed]. Shashankya was the sovereign king of Bengal at the start of seventh century. Much of today’s Indian states of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa was under his kingdom. The prevailing reason is that the year cannot start as 963 B.S. (Bangla Shôn) in synchrony with 963 Hijra. The Bengali Era must have begun before that and Akbar took over form this point on. According to this the starting point of Bengali Era was AD 593/594. By the time of reign of Akbar in AD 1556 the Bengali Era 963 B.S. had been in synchrony with then used 963 Hijra era. Because of the practical advantages of using a solar year, Akbar started using the Bengali era as the official calendar for collecting taxes. Extrapolating further back to the starting point of Bengali era it could be stated that it started on Monday, 12 April 594 in Julian Calendar and Monday, 14 April 594 in proleptic Gregorian calendar.

During the reign of the Mughals, the Bengali Calendar was officially implemented throughout the empire. Apart from Bengal, however, the calendar was abandoned with the end of Mughal rule.
ps Reading on I come across something completely different. Interesting, was largely unaware of it, although I knew about Cochin: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Bengal
#13 Apr 16th, 2008, 06:00
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#13

Ooooooops

LOL! Yeah, it does not make any sense.

Your answer is closer, but lets see if any IMers from Bengal can give us a proper answer.
#14 Apr 16th, 2008, 15:09
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#14

Lightbulb Origin of Bangali Calendar.

Thank you for asking this question. I must mention I never thought to calculate the first day of Bengali Calendar. It was known to me that Bengali calendar is originated form Ponjika and became official since Akbar’s era…….yeah, now I am surprised why I didn’t ask myself ? Hmmmm…. May be I am not habituated with this calebdar except two dates - 1st and 25th Boishakh (Birthday of Tegore).

To be very honest, I am missing our member Sadhuji. Anyways, I was trying to search in web and found some contribution from the other side of Bengal – Bangladesh. Let me share some interesting write-up :


http://www.prabasi.org/Literary/Shan...tem2_au98.html

Bengal adopted Akbar's calendar with certain modifications. In 1556 AD, the Bengali calendar was assigned the year 963 to coincide with the year in Hijri era which today reads 1418. It is 1406 in the Bengali year.If we recall that a solar year is about 11 days longer than the lunar year, it is not difficult to figure out why the Hijri era has marched ahead by: [11 X (1998 - 1556)] days = 13 years in the 442 years since 1556 AD…….

****************************** ****************************** *********

The Origin of Bangla new year and celebrating Pahela Baishakh

by Syed Ashraf Ali

http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/bangla_year.html


…… Akbar felt the need of introducing a uniform scientific, workable and acceptable system of calculating days and months through a reformed calendar. With this end in view, he commissioned Amir Fathullah Shirazi, a distinguished scientist and the most famous astronomer of the day, to make a recommendation for the reformed calendar. Abul Fazal, the renowned scholar and a minister of Akbar the Great, in his scholarly work Akbar Namah, gives details of the events leading to the new era under the Royal Forman of Akbar. Abul Fazal explains that the use of the Hijrah (Hegira) Era was unfair to the peasantry, because 31 lunar years were equal to 30 solar years and the revenue was collected on the basis of lunar years whereas the harvest depended on the solar ones. Abul Fazal was right because the lunar year consists of 354 days and the solar years has 365 or 366 days. Thus there is difference of II or 12 days between the lunar and the solar years……………

****************************** ********************
http://www.mukto-mona.com/Special_Ev...i_calendar.htm

…………… A happy coincidence marks the origin of both these Bengali and Hijri years-they both are christened with antedated seniority. The Hijri year was not introduced instantly with the migration of the holy Prophet form Makkah to Madianah on July 16, 662 A.D. It was Hazrat Omar, the second Caliph of Islam, who introduced it in 638 A.D. after 16 years of the Hjirat (Migration). The Hijri year began to be counted and made effective from the first day of Muharram - the first day of the then current Arabic year, not from the exact date of the Hijrat on the 12th of Rabiul Awal i.e. it was 16 years old at its introduction. The Bengali year bears close resemblances in all its detail with the Hijri year so far as its origin is concerned. The Bengali year was introduced antedated like its progenitor the Hijri year when the later was 998 years old in 1584 A.D. after 28 years of Akber's ascent to the throne of Delhi (1556 A.D). As in the case of Hijri, the Bengali year began to be counted and made effective not from when Baishakh exactly started but the 1st of Muharram of 963 Hijri (the year of Akbor's ascent to the throne of the Mughal empire (14.02.1556) did not come into consideration, instead the year and the Hijri month were effected while introducing the Bengali year keeping the Hijri year and date in tact giving antedated seniority of 963 years i.e. the Bengali year was made 963 B.S. at the start instead of counting it as 1 (one) B.S………………………..
#15 Apr 16th, 2008, 15:16
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#15
machadinha, rand0M aXiS & Somnath
Thank you for the info.

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